HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY
A patient receives treatment in a state-of-the-art
Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Defined
HBOT is a drug that treats
disease processes and not a specific disease
HBOT treats disease processes common to many diseases
The Primary action of HBOT is at the DNA/Chromosome level
HBOT is an effective treatment for acute and chronic damaged tissue damage of all types—any cause, any duration, any location. The underlying causes can be trauma, infection, autoimmunity, ischemia, hypoxia, toxins, or something similar—it makes no difference what caused the injury. The cause makes no difference.
All medical conditions observed to improve with HBOT involve either acute or chronic wounded and injured tissues, from a wide variety of various.
NOTE: 100% oxygen must be used (not air or partially enriched air) for full benefit, and the pressure must be at least 1.4 ATA. The number of hourly treatments required is usually 40 to 80 for optimal benefit.
MECHANISMS OF ACTION FOR BENEFIT OF HBOT
• Increased circulating of stem cells,
• Promotion of DNA transcription and DNA signaling,
• Increased messenger RNA,
• Increased expression of hormones and other proteins
• Increased anti-inflammatory hormones,
• Increased growth & repair genes and hormones,
• Up regulation of hormone receptors,
• down regulated inflammation,
• decreased cell death (apoptosis),
• angiogenesis (in growth of new blood vessels),
• epithelialization, increased epithelial formation of cells,
• enhanced bacterial killing by white blood cells,
• inhibition of bacterial toxin production,
• Increased healing,
• fibroblast proliferation,
• increased bone density,
• increased bone fracture healing,
• increased oxygen concentration in hypoxic or ischemic tissue.
The healing process may actually be caused by withdrawal from the intermittently elevated oxygen stimulus rather than from the oxygen itself-–this is still unknown. To be effective, however, HBOT must be intermittent. The dose, duration, pressure, treatment interval and number of treatments must be tailored to the specific disease process being treated. The relative importance of mechanisms as listed above are not known, but action at the DNA and genetic level now seem key to understanding this therapy.
Just a few examples of serious medical conditions that are not now routinely treated with HBOT and should be: Traumatic brain injuries (especially those injuries suffered by so many military veterans from roadside bombs in the mideast), strokes of all kinds, the apneic or compromised newborns, near hanging, acute coma, near drowning.
Hyper" means increased and "baric" relates to pressure. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) thus refers to intermittent treatment of the entire body with 100-percent oxygen at greater than normal atmospheric pressures. The earth's atmosphere normally exerts approximately 15 pounds per square inch of pressure at sea level. That pressure is defined as one atmosphere absolute (abbreviated as 1 ATA). In the ambient atmosphere we normally breathe approximately 20 percent oxygen and 80 percent nitrogen. While undergoing HBOT, pressure is increased up to two times (2 ATA) in 100% oxygen. In the Sechrist monoplace chambers utilized at our facilities, the entire body is totally immersed in 100-percent oxygen. There is no need to wear a mask or hood. This increased pressure, combined with an increase in oxygen to 100 percent, dissolves oxygen in the blood plasma and in all body cells, tissues and fluids at up to 10 times normal concentration—high enough to sustain life with no blood at all (from 20% to 100% oxygen is a 5-fold increase, from 1 ATA to 2 ATA can double this again to a 10-fold or 1,000% increase).
While some of the mechanisms of action of HBOT, as they apply to healing and reversal of symptoms, are yet to be discovered, it is known that HBOT (Refer to MECHANISMS listed above):
1) greatly increases oxygen concentration in all body tissues, even with reduced or blocked blood flow;
2) stimulates the growth of new blood vessels to locations with reduced circulation, improving blood flow to areas with arterial blockage;
3) causes a rebound arterial dilation after HBOT, resulting in an increased blood vessel diameter greater than when therapy began, improving blood flow to compromised organs;
4) stimulates an adaptive increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD), one of the body's principal, internally produced antioxidants and free radical scavengers; and,
5) aids the treatment of infection by enhancing white blood cell action and potentiating germ-killing antibiotics.
While not new, HBOT has only lately begun to gain recognition for treatment of chronic degenerative health problems related to atherosclerosis, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, diabetic ulcers, wound healing, cerebral palsy, brain injury, multiple sclerosis, macular degeneration, and many other disorders (conditions treated). Wherever blood flow and oxygen delivery to vital organs is reduced, function and healing can potentially be aided with HBOT. When the brain is injured by stroke, CP, or trauma, HBO may wake up stunned parts of the brain to restore function.
One of the world's most experienced authorities on hyperbaric medicine was Dr. Edgar End, clinical professor of environmental medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin, who voiced his opinion on HBOT's value for the treatment of stroke in this way: "I've seen partially paralyzed people half carried into the (HBOT) chamber, and they walk out after the first treatment. If we got to these people quickly, we could prevent a great deal of damage."
Using the Sechrist monoplace chamber, HBOT is administered in a transparent, cylindrical chamber, approximately 8 feet long and 3 feet in diameter. The patient is made comfortable on a cot-like stretcher and rolled into the chamber. While in the chamber, the patient has full 360-degree vision through the transparent enclosure. The chamber is equipped with two-way microphones and speakers. The patient can watch TV, listen to music, read, nap, or talk with the chamber operator, family, or whoever is outside. During treatment, usually lasting an hour, the patient is surrounded by and inhales pure oxygen while pressure within the chamber is increased from 1-1/2 to 2 times the outside pressure. At the end of treatment, the patient is gradually decompressed to normal pressure and leaves the chamber.
HBOT can be used in conjunction with EDTA chelation therapy when atherosclerosis and diseased blood vessels are causing blocked flow of blood―as is often the case in stroke, slow healing wounds, and macular degeneration. Results can be dramatic. Patients with cerebral vascular disease commonly recover from complications of stroke more readily following HBOT. At the same time, EDTA chelation therapy can restore a more normal flow of blood and prevent future strokes. The same holds true for potentially gangrenous legs and feet caused by blocked circulation, and for slow-healing diabetic ulcers. HBOT relieves pain, helps fight infection, and keeps threatened tissues alive while chelation therapy gradually blood flow on a more lasting basis. Dr. Cranton's book, Bypassing Bypass Surgery, describes this process in greater detail.
Highly recommended is a recent book: The Oxygen Revolution:
Oxygen Therapy: The Groundbreaking New Treatment for Stroke, Alzheimer's,
Parkinson's, Arthritis, Autism, Learning Disabilities and More -- 2010 Updated
by Paul G. Harch (Author), Virginia Mccullough (Author)
You may purchase this boook at a discount at the following link from amazon.com .
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Links and Articles are Listed Below:
Introduction to Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy by Elmer M. Cranton, MD
Copyright © 2012 Elmer M. Cranton, M.D., all rights reserved